Download The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (Theory and by Jean-François Lyotard PDF

By Jean-François Lyotard

ISBN-10: 0816611734

ISBN-13: 9780816611737

Many definitions of postmodernism concentrate on its nature because the aftermath of the fashionable business age whilst expertise constructed. This booklet extends that evaluation to postmodernism through the prestige of technological know-how, expertise, and the humanities, the importance of technocracy, and how the circulate of knowledge is managed within the Western global.

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Extra info for The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (Theory and History of Literature, Volume 10)

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61 The objection will be made, at least, that the weight of certain institutions imposes limits on the games, and thus restricts the inventiveness of the players in making their moves. But I think this can be taken into account without causing any particular difficulty. In the ordinary use of discourse—for example, in a discussion between two friends—the interlocutors use any available ammunition, changing games from one utterance to the next: questions, requests, assertions, and narratives are launched pell-mell into battle.

90 They allow a horizon of consensus to be brought to the debate between partners (the sender and the addressee). Not every consensus is a sign of truth; but it is presumed that the truth of a statement necessarily draws a consensus. That covers research. It should be evident that research appeals to teaching as its necessary complement: the scientists needs an addressee who can in turn become the sender; he needs a partner. Otherwise, the verification of his statements would be impossible, since the nonrenewal of the requisite skills would eventually bring an end to the necessary, contradictory debate.

From this point of view, an institution differs from a conversation in that it always requires supplementary constraints for statements to be declared admissible within its bounds. The constraints function to filter discursive potentials, interrupting possible connections in the communication networks: there are things that should not be said. They also privilege certain classes of statements (sometimes only one) whose predominance characterizes the discourse of the particular institution: there are things that should be said, and there are ways of saying them.

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