By Carl Sifakis
This reference covers the complete gamut of the yank penal approach. From the early Pennsylvania and Auburn types, either one of which drove many prisoners mad, to restricted modern efforts to denationalise prisons, this advisor covers the whole heritage of prisons in the US. Entries comprise very important figures similar to well-known and notorious wardens, awesome prisoners, prisons, escapes, felony riots, fires, criminal society, convict labour, scandals and triumphs, reformers and terminology. It additionally covers key social concerns attached to prisons similar to overcrowding, mistreatment of prisoners, and the price of keeping legal programmes. matters lined contain: abuse and torture in felony; David Berkowitz (aka Son of Sam); disorder in criminal; Dorothea Dix; capital punishment; juvenile delinquency; mentally in poor health inmates; Ed Morell, tortured convict and reformer; punishments and prisons in colonial the US; and women's prisons.
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Extra resources for The Encyclopedia of American Prisons (Facts on File Crime Library)
The first of these, known as the Atlanta Boys Convoy, caused a tremendous amount of excitement and a good deal of fear around the country. On August 14, 1934, 53 hardened criminals were taken from their cells in Atlanta Penitentiary, chained hand and foot, and loaded into a train composed of special steel coaches with barred windows and wire-meshed 14 ATTICA Prison Riot doors. This was a time when hysteria about gangsters was at its zenith. Ideally, the plan was to keep the operation quiet, but this proved impossible; when the public learned of the plan to move “the Atlanta boys,” there were wild rumors, fed by the press, of huge underworld armies mobilizing armored cars, flamethrowers, machine guns, and even aircraft to set the convicts free.
The wearing of a uniform was required, and cigarette smoking was forbidden. M. and started off with rigorous physical training. The inmates had to clean their barracks usually twice a day, were forbidden to speak without permission, and especially were not permitted to complain about the rules or their work assignments. By 1995, boot camps were regarded as the most promising idea in the battle against juvenile crime. ” Prison wardens backed the idea which, after all, did cut down the number of offenders sent to their institutions.
Approaching Oakland, the train was shifted away from the main rail terminal to a little-used but easier to guard one at Tiburon. The train cars were run straight onto a ferry barge and escorted to the Rock by the Coast Guard. The prisoners were in dreadful shape following their ordeal, having been chained in close quarters where they could hardly move and certainly could not sleep. All were coated with sweat and grime, most suffering swollen feet from their irons, and many barely able to walk. Their terrible journey was over, but their ordeal in the most restrictive federal prison in history was just beginning.