Download Personality Traits, 3rd edition by Gerald Matthews, Ian J. Deary, Martha C. Whiteman PDF

By Gerald Matthews, Ian J. Deary, Martha C. Whiteman

ISBN-10: 052188778X

ISBN-13: 9780521887786

Now in its 3rd variation, this dynamic textbook analyses the characteristics primary to human character: what they're, why they subject, their organic and social foundations, how they play out in human lifestyles and their effects for cognition, pressure and actual and psychological healthiness. The textual content additionally considers the functions of character overview in medical, academic and occupational settings, supplying the reader with a close knowing of the full box of character qualities. This variation, now in 2-colour with enhanced scholar positive aspects, contains the newest study from behavioural genetics, neuroscience, social psychology and cognitive technology, assesses the influence of latest learn innovations like mind imagery, and gives extra content material on gains of features and useful makes use of of character review. this can be a vital textbook for college students taking classes in character and person transformations and likewise presents researchers and practitioners with a coherent, updated survey of this crucial quarter.

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Extra resources for Personality Traits, 3rd edition

Sample text

The high achiever at this level of education is outgoing (A+), conscientious (G+), venturesome (H+), self-assured (O–), and self-controlled (Q3+). None of the personality traits predicts achievement as much as intelligence (B) does, but other, similar research (Cattell and Butcher, 1968) shows that personality predicts achievement even when intelligence is statistically controlled.

Cattell, 1971; Cattell and Kline, 1977), along with several widely used questionnaires and tests. , 1943, 1945, 1946) began his personality research with the Allport-Odbert-generated lexicon of trait-descriptive words, but shifted the main focus of his work to questionnaire items early in his research career. He eventually identified twenty-three fundamental primary factors, one of which is an ability factor, general intelligence. The sixteen most robust of these dimensions are measured by the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF: Cattell, Eber and Tatsuoka, 1970), which has been extensively used in research and applied settings over several decades.

0, so we can say unequivocally whether or not a given variable is associated with a given factor. 21. 4 explain 20%, 20% and 19% of the variance, respectively. Limitations of factor analysis No factor analysis should ever be accepted uncritically. Three questions should always be asked. The first is whether the data are actually suitable for factor analysis. Since the technique is based on Pearson correlation, its validity depends on whether the original correlations are satisfactory. For example, correlation does not represent non-linear relationships validly, and correlations will be reduced if measures are unreliable or if the range of variable scores is restricted (Jensen, 1980).

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