By Samer Bagaeen, Ola Uduku, Saskia Sassen
Gated groups presents a historical, socio-political and modern cultural viewpoint of gated groups. In doing so it deals a special lens in which to view the old vernacular historical past of this now worldwide phenomenon. The booklet offers a set of latest writing at the factor through a global and interdisciplinary workforce of participants. The authors evaluation present considering on gated groups and view the sustainability concerns that those modern 'lifestyle' groups increase. The authors argue that there are hyperlinks that may be drawn among the historical gated homesteads and towns, present in a lot of the realm, and modern-day Western-style safe complexes. international examples of gated groups, and their ancient context, are offered in the course of the e-book. The authors additionally touch upon how sustainability concerns have impacted on those groups. The ebook concludes through contemplating how the historical measures up with the modern by way of sustainability functionality, and aesthetic.
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Additional info for Gated Communities: Social Sustainability in Contemporary and Historical Gated Developments
In a rare case of industrialization without urbanization, the growth of urban population stalled during the 1960s and 1970s, and China prided itself with having stamped out the need for big and wasteful ‘consumer’ cities to the advantage of rational socialist ‘cities of production’ (shengchan chengshi) (Salaff, 1967; Schurmann, 1968). The consequence was that the urban population lived in a cellular structure, organized and administered through ‘work units’ (danwei) that reduced consumption and secured lifelong (and often multigenerational) employment.
Here, each quarter is made up of a number of neighbourhoods, each neighbourhood (or hara) is made up of a number of ahwash (singular hosh – or courtyard complex), and each hosh is made up of a number of flats and tightly packed interlocking houses. Although there is little data available regarding the division of Jerusalem into quarters prior to the Muslim conquest of the city, Hopkins (1971) points out that the mixture of races and languages in the city would have made such divisions likely; the Muslim quarter, for example, was subdivided into smaller groupings based on tribal, village origins or family groups.
These power dynamics may not have always been quite obvious or may have even been ‘subtle’. While this is not the place to identify trends, it suffices to say that manifestations of power in the traditional urban realm were prevalent. For example, Raymond (1984, pp16–17) explains how the intervention of medieval judges in the Maghrib (present-day Morocco) in urban matters ranged from building regulations, security and the protection of privacy. More recently, Natsheh (2000, pp610–611) highlights the importance of religious power and examines how in Ottoman Jerusalem the Shari’a court played a vital role in controlling many issues related to buildings and their maintenance.