By Stuart Sim
What does it suggest to proclaim 'the finish of history', as a number of thinkers have performed in recent times? Francis Fukuyama, the yank political theorist, created a substantial stir in any case of heritage and the final guy (1992) through claiming that the autumn of communism and the triumph of loose marketplace liberalism introduced an 'end of background' as we all know it. favorite between his critics has been the French thinker Jacques Derrida, whose Specters of Marx (1993) deconstructed the concept that of 'the finish of background' as an ideological self assurance trick, with a view to salvage the incomplete and ongoing venture of democracy.
''Derrida and the top of History'' areas Derrida's rejection of Fukuyama's declare inside of a much wider culture of 'endist' suggestion. Derrida's critique of endism is highlighted as certainly one of his most useful contributions to the postmodern debate - in addition to being the main obtainable access to 'deconstruction', the debatable philosophical stream based via him.
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Extra resources for Derrida and the End of History
Just as Engels reported that Marx himself 43 D E R R I DA AN D T H E E N D O F H I S T O R Y disclaimed being a Marxist, so Derrida can declare firmly that neither is he (‘What is certain is that I am not a Marxist . . What is the distinguishing trait of a Marxist statement? ’43); but he continues nevertheless to invoke the spirit of Marx in his critique of liberal democracy. Spirits, Spectres, and Deferring the End We might now consider what Derrida means by ‘the end of a certain concept of history’.
The ‘end of history’ is not the good news that Fukuyama believes it to be; not if we have any desire at all to contest the balance of economic and political power that currently prevails in our world. It may have taken a while to establish it with certainty, and kept many in suspense in the interim, but, ultimately, Derridean deconstruction is on the side of the left-wing angels. 63 D E R R I DA AN D T H E E N D O F H I S T O R Y Notes 1. Jacques Derrida, Specters of Marx: The State of the Debt, the Work of Mourning, and the New International, trans.
Seen from this Bauman-Derrida perspective, one can, indeed one should, be late to the end of history, since that demonstrates resistance to an authoritarianism that is all too typically a stock-in-trade of ideology in general. And if there is one thing that postmodern thinkers of all persuasions are agreed upon, it is that they despise authoritarianism in whatever form it may take. Ideology controls individuals all the more effectively where all alternatives to itself are, as Bauman puts it, ‘de-legitimized’.