By Wolfram Jörß, Birte Holst Joergensen, Peter Loeffler, Poul Erik Morthorst, Martine Uyterlinde, Emiel van Sambeek, Timon Wehnert
The booklet offers a finished evaluation of applied sciences for decentralised strength iteration (DG technologies), together with these in accordance with either renewable strength resources (RES), and on mixed warmth and gear (CHP) applied sciences, and of proper regulations of the ecu and its Member States. specific cognizance is paid to obstacles to implementation and luck elements that have been drawn from 24 case experiences conducted during the european. moreover, the e-book bargains coverage techniques concerning find out how to flow in the direction of a degree enjoying box for DG applied sciences. also, the research is based at the result of a examine for destiny advancements in eu DG applied sciences and certain eventualities for the function of DG sooner or later.
Read or Download Decentralised Power Generation in the Liberalised EU Energy Markets: Results from the DECENT Research Project PDF
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Extra info for Decentralised Power Generation in the Liberalised EU Energy Markets: Results from the DECENT Research Project
Comparing to other countries the Danish market is fairly representative for the development of the average size of turbines sold. The average size sold in Denmark in 2000 was 930 kW - only Germany was above with an average size of 1100 kW, while the average in UK and Sweden was approximately 800 kW and approximately 650-700 kW in Spain and US. The development of electricity production efficiency is also shown in Fig. 4, measured as annual energy production per swept rotor area (kWhlm2 on the right axis).
However, modules of any desired size can be produced, although in practice, modules larger than 1 m2 are not often used. Typical modules reach a performance of 50 or 100, sometimes 150 watt. In Northern Europe, the average energy harvest of a module is 750-850 kWh/kWp , in Southern Europe, significantly higher figures are reached. g. a false angle or orientation, leads to significant performance losses. If part of the module is shaded, the performance will break in drastically, since the current produced by the other cells is consumed by the shaded cells.
In principle, the biogas can be used after treatment (and eventually upgrading to natural-gas quality) in the same way as natural gas. Production and utilisation of landfill gas based on MSW may also be an option for power production. Many demonstration and commercial plants are in operation around Europe. However, it should be noted that in most cases power generation in digestion processes is a by-product of the process. Like waste incineration, the main purpose of digestion is the processing of waste, not power production.