By Scott Patterson
A news-breaking account of the worldwide inventory market's subterranean battles, darkish swimming pools portrays the increase of the "bots"- artificially clever structures that execute trades in milliseconds and use the canopy of darkness to out-maneuver the people who've created them.
In the start used to be Josh Levine, an idealistic programming genius who dreamed of wresting regulate of the marketplace from the massive exchanges that, time and again, gave the large associations a bonus over the little man. Levine created a automatic buying and selling hub named Island the place small investors swapped shares, and through the years his invention morphed right into a international digital inventory marketplace that despatched trillions in capital via an enormous jungle of fiber-optic cables.
By then, the marketplace that Levine had sought to mend had became the wrong way up, birthing secretive exchanges referred to as darkish swimming pools and a brand new species of buying and selling machines which could imagine, and that appeared, ominously, to be slipping the keep watch over in their human masters.
Dark swimming pools is the interesting tale of ways worldwide markets were hijacked via buying and selling robots--many so self-directed that people can't expect what they'll do subsequent.
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Additional resources for Dark Pools: High-Speed Traders, A.I. Bandits, and the Threat to the Global Financial System
Another source of LIMS information for scientists has been the International LIMS Meetings, presented by the Laboratory Information Management Systems Institute, Inc. These conferences are dedicated to LIMS information sharing. Many case studies are presented by users who have gained experience with LIMS. Vendors participate mainly by helping with the organization and staging of the meeting and with poster session demonstrations. As stated above, the LIMS champion may belong to a computer support group within a laboratory or group oflaboratories.
The implementation of a LIMS provides instant computerization of laboratory data and other information. The LIMS also provides the backbone on which to build the necessary automated instrumentation and automated information management processes, to carry us through the 1990s. There is no plateau of laboratory efficiency toward which we should work. We will continuously be faced with reasons for enhancing performance - this is the nature of today's competitive world. Section Two LIMS Functions Chapter 4 Introduction to Laboratory Information Management Systems To this point, we have examined many of the concepts and practices related to the use of computers in analytical laboratories.
Calibration and maintenance histories are becoming more important as labs comply with GLP guidelines and strive for high-quality output. Automated Laboratory Information Management Laboratory information has many components, as described in Chapter 2. Data management is one of the five primary components of laboratory information management, as seen in Figure 3-2. The others are sample information, customer information, supervisory functions, and sample processing information. Some of the information types which make up these primary components are illustrated in Figure 3-4.