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By National Research Council (U. S.)

"TRB particular record 274 - Cybersecurity of Freight info structures: A Scoping research" reports developments within the use of data expertise within the freight transportation and assesses strength vulnerabilities to a cyberattack. this can be a certain file 274 precis.

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Additional resources for Cybersecurity of Freight Information Systems: A Scoping Study (Special Report (National Research Council (U S) Transportation Research Board))

Sample text

Various architectural and technical mechanisms can be used to maintain security across interconnected systems, such as firewalls and different access control levels. However, regardless of the specific mechanism, they all essentially rely on authentication, the identification of every person or computer that accesses the system. The stronger the mechanism of identification, the stronger the overall security of the system. For example, most stand-alone and interconnected systems, including PCs, departmental servers, mainframes, and enterprise-spanning Web-based services, rely on a simple username and password combination to identify each person who should be allowed to access the system.

Customs will promulgate final regulations under the act by October 1, 2003. It is expected that more foreign jurisdictions will require electronic submission of cargo manifest information in the future. 25 1601-03 Ch02 9/10/03 9:35 AM Page 26 26 CYBERSECURITY OF FREIGHT INFORMATION SYSTEMS: A SCOPING STUDY export cargo information; other ocean carriers provide that information today in paper (fax) form. The Advanced Passenger Information System, which has been used by airlines since 1986 to report airline passengers, has now become mandatory for other modes, under the Enhanced Border Security Act of 2002.

For example, four regional trucking carriers have formed the ExpressLink system to interconnect their own corporate-level systems. ExpressLink gives each carrier national coverage while allowing it to maintain a relatively small infrastructure. In addition, policy and regulatory forces are driving the interconnection of governmental systems and the interconnection of commercial and governmental systems. The Bureau of Customs and Border Protection has several new IT systems (described in Appendix D) under development that—once they become operational—could serve more government agencies than originally envisaged as a result of homeland security initiatives and requirements.

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