By Paul G. Lewis
Custodians of position offers a brand new theoretical framework that money owed for the way varieties of towns arrive at judgements approximately residential development and monetary improvement. Lewis and Neiman surveyed officers in countless numbers of California towns of all sizes and socioeconomic features to account for changes in neighborhood improvement rules. This ebook indicates urban governments on the heart of the motion in shaping their destinies, usually performing as far-sighted trustees in their groups. They clarify how urban governments usually can insulate themselves for the higher from temporary political pressures and craft coverage that builds on earlier progress stories and destiny imaginative and prescient. Findings additionally comprise how stipulations at the flooring - neighborhood trip occasions, housing affordability, composition of the neighborhood exertions strength - play an immense position in choosing the process a urban takes towards development and land use. What kinds of towns are likely to aggressively pursue business or retail businesses? What varieties of towns are likely to desire housing over company improvement? What motivates towns to attempt to sluggish residential progress? "Custodians of position" solutions those and lots of different questions.
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Additional resources for Custodians of Place: Governing the Growth and Development of Cities (American Governance and Public Policy)
How sheltered a place happens to be with respect to those things that threaten well-being or that undermine satisfaction also is of key social and political importance. The benefits and disadvantages that accompany particular places and properties can be very substantial. As a consequence, social actors (whether individuals, households, firms, government personnel, or interest groups) are typically not content to be mere consumers or objects affected by the built form. Rather, they operate in a variety of ways to shape the built form—through the private sector and market forces, but also through public, collective action.
Where neither of these occurs, municipal incorporation often soon follows population growth and urbanization. Therefore, in deciding on policy responses to growth and development, the cities in California, like those in most states, are the front lines of development policy, especially given the state’s emphasis—quite typical in America—on home rule and local prerogative. The Census Bureau reported in 2004 that among cities in the United States with populations of greater than 100,000, eleven of the twenty-five fastest growing for the 2000–3 period were in 29 30 The Context for Local Choices California.
The prevailing emphases are why communities engage in various policies, what sorts of economic development are sought, and the impact of local policies on overall economic growth and on the level and quality of jobs and local revenues. 48 Work focused on residential development is quite different in many ways from the focus of research into economic development. On the one hand, concern for local residential development policy emerges mainly out of the disputes surrounding exclusionary land use policies, in which it is alleged that communities frame their growth policies—zoning, building codes, and subdivision regulation—so as to filter out of the community housing for the less affluent.