By Roberta Garner
Modern hobbies and Ideologies introduces the reader to significant international social pursuits. It outlines the fundamental recommendations and theories for the research of social pursuits and offers summaries of the information, targets, association, options and social bases of 8 significant sorts of routine, i.e., civil rights and human rights, pursuits of spiritual religion and women's activities. The publication offers a powerful ancient starting place during which to appreciate every one kind of flow. furthermore, it examines activities as a reaction to the trendy international and appears at how they're altering to conform to the "post-modern" period global of globalized markets and cultural variety.
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Additional info for Contemporary movements and ideologies
Even then a substantial number (49) refused to judge the king; 59 signed the death warrant. There are indications of a preponderance of poorer gentry among the regicides and of wealthier gentry among those who refused to judge the king. 82 Conceivably constitutional monarchy could 80 See Trevor-Roper, "Gentry," 8, 16, :4, : 6, 3 1 , 34, 38, 40, 4:, 5 1. While his· case is not watertight, Trevor-Roper has presented a good deal of evidence pointing to substantial influence by "mere gentry" in Crom well's armies.
Cf Johnson, Disappearance. 40 Namier, England, 4, 22, 25. 41 Hammond and Hammond, Village Lab ourer, 16 - 1 7; Johnson, Dis appearance, 1 3 2. SOCIAL ORIGINS OF DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY proceedings from start to finish. Thus the consent of "three-fourths to fbur-fifths" was required on the· spot before Parliament would approve a proposal to enclose. But consent of what? The answer turns out to be property, not people. Suffrages were not counted, but weighed. 42 The political and economic supremacy of the larger landlords during the eighteenth century was partly the result of trends that long antedate the Civil War, chiefly the authority of local notableS and the absence of a strong bureaucratic apparatus to check this authority, even under the Tudors and the Stuarts.
16 SOCIAL ORIGINS OF DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY commercial or official nature. 80 Thus, under · the impact of com merce and some industry, English society was breaking apart from the top downward in a way that allowed pockets of radical &s content produced by the' same forces to burst temporarily in the limelight. As we shall see in due course, a similar sequence of de velopments is roughly characteristic of the other major modem revolutions as well, the French, the Russian, and the Chinese.