Download Conservation of Building and Decorative Stone by F G Dimes, J. Ashurst PDF

By F G Dimes, J. Ashurst

ISBN-10: 0750638982

ISBN-13: 9780750638982

One of many difficulties which beset the sensible conservation of stone constructions is the fragmentation of the disciplines concerned. This e-book, with either volumes now to be had as one useful paperback, brings those disciplines jointly by means of the involvement of members with varied reviews and ways to an identical fabric. half one is an creation to the complexities and historical past heritage of stone conservation through the main finished description but produced of the construction and ornamental stones utilized in the British Isles.In half , practitioners taken with stone conservation describe ways that significant structural masonry difficulties, secondary construction difficulties and various stone floor stipulations will be handled. various construction forms and environments has been used to make sure that the extensive scope of universal difficulties is roofed. This moment a part of the booklet should be of useful price to artwork historians, archaeologists, architects, surveyors and engineers, masonry contractors and sculpture conservators in fixing difficulties and in studying to take advantage of every one other's abilities and event. hugely illustratedTwo informative volumes introduced jointly in a brand new paperback editionExcellent authorial mixture

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Extra info for Conservation of Building and Decorative Stone (Butterworth-Heinemann Series in Conservation and Museology)

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1 Classification of igneous rocks Position of emplacement Chemical composition Acid Volcanic (extrusive) (glassy or very fine-grained) Intermediate Ultra-basic Pumice Obsidian* Rhyolite Andesite Basalt* Quartz obviously present Some quartz may be present No quartz seen Quartz-porphyry Porphyry* Dolerite? Quartz dolerites do exist Classification 23 The mineral quartz is hard. It is not easily cleaved and is highly resistant to chemical attack. It becomes broken into smaller and smaller fragments; the size depends on the length of time during which the fragments are exposed to the mechanical processes of weathering.

Joints The size of a block which can be wrought from the quarry is controlled by joints, the chief structural feature of any rock. A joint is a parting plane within the rock which separates or tends to separate the contiguous mass into two parts. Groups of parallel joints form a joint set and intersecting sets of joints form a joint system. Joints may be only a short distance apart (closejointed) or may be a considerable distance apart (wide jointed). Persistent joints which are maintained over considerable distances are masterjoints.

The colour of rocks The colour of a rock may be its most striking visual characteristic. Colour depends on the reflection of some of the vibrations of white light seen by the human eye. It is one of the most difficult characteristics to describe. Nevertheless, it may well be the deciding factor in the choice of a stone, particularly for decorative purposes. The description of a stone as 'light salmon-coloured, coarsely crystalline, having a slightly mottled appearance' conveys little. ^ Any given hue (colour) is expressed in terms of value (property of lightness) and chroma (degree The object of giving a name to any substance whether animal, vegetable or mineral is that when that name is used it is immediately and universally recognized as relating to a defined material with identifiable characteristics which distinrmish it from all other materials.

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