Download Comparative Historical Dialectology: Italo-Romance Clues to by Thomas D. Cravens PDF

By Thomas D. Cravens

This short monograph explores the historic motivations for 2 units of phonological adjustments in a few forms of Romance: restructured voicing of intervocalic /p t k/, and palatalization of preliminary /l/ and /n/. those advancements were handled time and again over the many years, but neither has loved a passable resolution. This booklet makes an attempt to illustrate that either results are finally caused by the lack of early pan-Romance consonant gemination.
This research is of curiosity not just to the language-specific box of ancient Romance linguistics, but in addition to basic historic linguistics. The principal difficulties tested the following represent vintage circumstances of questions that can not be responded via confining research exclusively to the person languages below research. The passage of time, the oblique nature of fragmentary and unintended documentation, and the character of the alterations themselves conspire to disclaim entry to the main crucial proof. even if, comparability of heavily cognate languages now present process switch offers a standpoint for discerning stipulations that can finally result in states completed within the far-off earlier through the languages below research.

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Tovar's position that banal phonetic intrusion of the vocalic feature of voice into the consonant articulation is tautologous as a mechanism of explanation apparently led him to discount natural fast speech phenomena for description as well. Yet he failed to consider that unconstrained reliance on substratum causation as post hoc explanation to be invoked to account for change, regardless of the knowledge of the subjacent language, deprives the substratum hypothesis in general of probative force.

Blaylock 1960:408). Jungemann (1955:239-40) identified three Basque substratum arguments, to which a fourth should be added. (1) Saroïhandy (1913, 1927:107-8) noted that some modern Basque dialects have aspiration of initial or intervocalic surds: Latin PIPER > ['phiper] in Soule and Basse Navarre in France, generally ['bipher] in Spain. Assuming that the aspirated form is the older and was once far more widespread, he reasoned that carryover of the same aspiration into the pronunciation of the Latin that Basque speakers acquired would have blocked the possibility of any eventual voicing.

Nevertheless, the vocalism of Basque toponyms in the now completely Romanized Pyrenees has followed Romance developments that apparently took place by the eighth century, suggesting ancient origin (Lapesa 1981:29-32). " 17 (Ronjat 1932:76). Rohlfs (1935) responded that representations of rural Pyrenean archaisms should not be expected in early Béarnais documents since they were written in the chancellery tradition of the city of Pau, where voicing was quite regular, and further, that since Ronjat's hypothesis assumes the merger of the reflexes of Latin /b d g/ and /p t k/, the lack of confusion of the two in modern dialects militates against the claim of an early voicing later lost.

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