Download Comparative Historical Dialectology: Italo-Romance Clues to by Thomas D. Cravens PDF

By Thomas D. Cravens

ISBN-10: 9027247390

ISBN-13: 9789027247391

This short monograph explores the historic motivations for 2 units of phonological alterations in a few different types of Romance: restructured voicing of intervocalic /p t k/, and palatalization of preliminary /l/ and /n/. those advancements were taken care of again and again over the many years, but neither has loved a passable answer. This ebook makes an attempt to illustrate that either results are eventually as a result of the lack of early pan-Romance consonant gemination.
This examine is of curiosity not just to the language-specific box of historic Romance linguistics, but in addition to normal historic linguistics. The relevant difficulties tested the following represent vintage instances of questions that can't be replied by means of confining research exclusively to the person languages less than research. The passage of time, the oblique nature of fragmentary and unintentional documentation, and the character of the alterations themselves conspire to disclaim entry to the main crucial evidence. even if, comparability of heavily cognate languages now present process swap offers a standpoint for discerning stipulations that can eventually bring about states accomplished within the far away prior through the languages below research.

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Sample text

The second point demonstrates that direct Celtic influence is not the sole possible catalyst of voicing in Romance. Since voicing is known to occur outside former Celtic areas, consistency in espousal of the Celtic substratum hypothesis implies one of three accounts for Venetan voicing: it may be the result of another, as yet unidentifiable, substratum; it may be a natural internal development; or it may be the result of rule diffusion from formerly Celtic areas. Geographic spread of sound change is a possibility now amply documented in sociolinguistic studies.

Approaching the evidence Romance scholars have reached the point in their study of Romance dialects where the individual facts of phonological development from late Latin to Romance are about as well known as they are likely to be, barring the discovery of new manuscripts and inscriptions that will give us data of an unexpected kind. (Barbarino 1981:1) At the time of its publication, this might have represented the thinking of many Romanists, and there is little in print to suggest that Latinists did not share this view, adjusted to an earlier terminus ad quem (see Porzio Gernia 1976-77).

AA3: L2 did have initial [f]. Therefore: The development of initial /f/ in learning L2 and thus in the resultant post-substratum L3 will be disturbed. 3 Testing the Basque substratum hypothesis: initial /f/ The deduction is false. L3 (Belsetán) shows no signs of disturbance in the development of /f/ from L2 (Latin). The character of L1 (Basque) has been irrelevant in this instance. With the observed facts given (AA2 and AA3), and the remaining components of the deduction held constant, the actual case is counterpredicted.

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