By Anthony D. King
The learn specializes in the social and, extra specially, the cultural tactics governing colonial city improvement and develops a idea and technique to do that. the writer demonstrates how the actual and spatial preparations characterizing city improvement are exact items of a specific society, to be understood merely by way of its values, behaviour and associations and the distribution of social and political strength inside of it. Nowhere is that this extra obvious than in 'colonial towns' of Asia and Africa the place the environmental assumptions of a dominant, industrializing Western energy have been brought to principally 'pre-industrial' societies. Anthony King attracts his fabric essentially from those parts, and contains a case examine of the advance of colonial Delhi from the early 19th century to 1947. but, because the writer explains, the issues of the way cultural social and political elements impact the character of environments and the way those in flip impact social strategies and behavior, are of world significance.
This ebook was once first released in 1976.
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Additional resources for Colonial Urban Development: Culture, Social Power and Environment
The ability to undertake research of this kind has depended on the existence of the historical data which has been drawn upon. The sheer quantity of this, the nature of it, and the care bestowed on its preservation are themselves evidence of fundamental cultural attitudes to both the physical and built environment. The fact that these data should be worth collating in a study of this kind, is likewise evidence of the continuity of similar cultural values. This research in the photographic archives of the India Office Library, London, combined with experience of looking at ‘snapshot’ photographs in India over a number of years, leaves clear, though subjective and unquantifiable impressions.
Attitudinal and value research is a difficult enough task in existing cultures; with those which have disappeared, the problem becomes even more acute. As discussed in more detail below, the method adopted in this study is to examine three types of data, namely, the built environment actually created, the institutionally related activities which it was meant to accommodate, and the way the inhabitants reacted towards this environment as manifest in the records they made of it. 30), ‘the ability to see the land with the eyes of its former occupants from the standpoint of their needs and capacities’.
In either case, the distinctive pattern of urbanisation and urban development would be analysed in comparison to patterns in non-colonial societies. g. e. numerical size of ‘colonial’ population and distance from colonial capital) a Individual settlement area (planter, isolated official) b District town (‘colonial’ population including the district officer, judge, missionary, civil surgeon, engineer, district superintendent of police) c Provincial capital and cantonment (as in (b), but with larger civilian, military and private (commercial) population) d Major ports and colonial capital At this level, particular attention would be paid to inter-urban relationships, to the communication system linking the various urban centres and to the economic and political policies of colonialism determining the total pattern.