Download Cognitive Ecology II by Reuven Dukas, John M. Ratcliffe PDF

By Reuven Dukas, John M. Ratcliffe

Merging evolutionary ecology and cognitive technological know-how, cognitive ecology investigates how animal interactions with normal habitats form cognitive platforms, and the way constraints on worried structures restrict or bias animal habit. learn in cognitive ecology has elevated quickly long ago decade, and this moment quantity builds at the foundations specified by the 1st, released in 1998.

Cognitive Ecology II integrates a number of clinical disciplines to research the ecology and evolution of animal cognition. The participants hide the mechanisms, ecology, and evolution of studying and reminiscence, together with designated analyses of bee neurobiology, fowl music, and spatial studying. additionally they discover selection making, with mechanistic analyses of reproductive habit in voles, get away hatching by means of frog embryos, and predation within the auditory area of bats and eared bugs. ultimately, they think about social cognition, targeting alarm calls and the standards settling on social studying innovations of corvids, fish, and mammals.

With cognitive ecology ascending to its rightful position in behavioral and evolutionary learn, this quantity captures the promise that has been discovered some time past decade and appears ahead to new learn prospects.

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2002; Irschick et al. 2005). For example, a published definition (Irschick et al. ” It is unconventional to think of the honeybee, a species renowned as a generalist pollinator, as a specialist, but the age polyethism (age-related behavioral castes) of adult worker honeybees can be fitted to a specialist framework if one thinks beyond visible differences in morphology. At a minimum, time spent performing a specialized task is not available for performance of other tasks. A neurobiological view of specialization draws attention to the inhibition of circuits controlling the behavior discarded or reduced in frequency of performance when specialization occurs.

First, it is possible that this change in brain structure enables the bee to perform a new task or cognitive operation that was not performed earlier in life. Second, growth of the mushroom bodies may improve the performance of a previously performed task. Third, the change in brain structure could inhibit performance of behaviors characteristic of bees with smaller mushroom bodies, resulting in covert morphological and overt behavioral specialization of experienced foragers. We will consider each of these possibilities in turn after a brief review of the nature of foraging.

In panel b, the males experienced either immature females (black bars) or mated females (white bars). Data from Dukas 2005a. were. In another experiment, experience with courting unreceptive, immature females caused males to selectively increase subsequent courtship of virgin females but not mated females (fig. 5). In this case, the information about the imminent availability of virgin females caused the experienced males to approach either female type faster than inexperienced males (Dukas 2005a).

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