Download Climate Change Science: A Modern Synthesis: Volume 1 - The by G. Thomas Farmer PDF

By G. Thomas Farmer

ISBN-10: 9400757565

ISBN-13: 9789400757561

An advent to the foundations of weather swap technology with an emphasis at the empirical facts for weather switch and a warming international. extra readings are given on the finish of every bankruptcy. an inventory of "Things to understand" opens each one bankruptcy. Chapters are prepared in order that the scholar is first brought to the clinical method(s), examples of using the clinical approach from different sciences drawn from the historical past of technological know-how with an emphasis on weather technology. weather technological know-how is taken care of in each one bankruptcy in response to the idea of world warming. bankruptcy remedies at the surroundings. biosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and anthroposphere and their inter-relationships are given.

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Additional resources for Climate Change Science: A Modern Synthesis: Volume 1 - The Physical Climate

Example text

Not all of this energy escapes to space and some of it is trapped in the atmosphere by greenhouses gases (GHGs) that re-radiate energy back toward Earth. • Ultraviolet (UV) radiation – Sunlight received by the Earth’s atmosphere is in the form of shortwave ultraviolet radiation, visible light, and some other wavelengths. • Infrared (IR) radiation – Heat given off by the Earth is in the form of longwave infrared radiation. • Greenhouse effect – Warming of the lower atmosphere by greenhouse gases that trap energy and re-radiate it back to Earth.

A partial list of these terms is given below. The following definitions are important and necessary when beginning a discussion of climate change science: • Joule – A unit of energy that is defined as the work required to produce one Watt of power for one second, or one “Watt second” (W·s). 5 Scientific Jargon 25 • Watt – The unit, defined as one joule per second, measures the rate of energy conversion or transfer. In climate science, energy is measured as Watts per square meters (W/m2). • Global climate change – A forcing of the Earth’s climate system to change.

3 Climate Sensitivity We know that Earth is a sustainer of life because it provides us with an environment that has allowed living organisms, including humans, to evolve and thrive on its surface, in its oceans, and in its air. The atmosphere is the main reason life thrives on the planet, at least for humans. It is the air we breathe. It provides water we drink from precipitation. It provides warmth from sunlight captured by molecules that keep the planet warm enough to grow our food and for us to live.

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