By J.K. Gibson-Graham, Stephen A. Resnick, Richard D. Wolff
Social Theory/Cultural stories a stunning and leading edge examine type that proposes new methods to this significant subject. whereas references to gender, race, and sophistication are all over the place in social concept, type has no longer bought the type of theoretical and empirical awareness accorded to gender and race. A welcome and much-needed corrective, this booklet bargains a unique theoretical method of category and an energetic perform of sophistication research. The authors supply new and compelling how you can examine category via examinations of such issues as intercourse paintings, the studies of African American girls as household workers, and blue- and white-collar employees. Their paintings recognizes that people may well perform quite a few classification kinfolk at one second or over the years and that category identities are a number of and altering, interacting with different features of identification in contingent and unpredictable methods. The essays within the e-book specialize in classification distinction, type transformation and alter, and at the intersection of sophistication, race, gender, sexuality, and different dimensions of identification. They locate type in likely not likely places-in families, parent-child relationships, and self-employment-and find category politics at the interpersonal point in addition to on the point of organizations, groups, and international locations. Taken jointly, they'll steered a rethinking of sophistication and sophistication subjectivity that might extend social idea. individuals: Enid Arvidson, U of Texas, Arlington; Jenny Cameron, Monash U, Australia; Harriet Fraad; Janet Hotch; Susan Jahoda, U of Massachusetts, Amherst; Amitava Kumar, U of Florida; Cecilia Marie Rio; Jacquelyn Southern; and Marjolein van der Veen. J. ok. Gibson-Graham is the pen identify of Katherine Gibson and Julie Graham, feminist fiscal geographers who paintings, respectively, on the Australian nationwide collage in Canberra and the collage of Massachusetts, Amherst. Stephen A. Resnick and Richard D. Wolff are professors of economics on the college of Massachusetts, Amherst. Translation Inquiries: college of Minnesota Press
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Additional info for Class and Its Others
Traditional representations of domestic service tend to discursively devalue African American women's activism. Like others, I would like to abandon this devaluation and break free from the capitalocentrism, victimhood, and structural determinism privileged by the dominant discourses on domestic labor. My aim is to employ a different discursive framework that represents paid domestic work as a site of productive potentiality. Class Analysis and a Revaluing of Paid Domestic Labor Black feminist theory has long advanced the mutual effectivity of race, class, and gender identities, arguing that these identities should not be seen as fixed and intractable but rather as dynamic (hooks 1981; Collins 1990; Brewer 1993; Guy-Sheftall 1995; Higginbotham 1995).
1 This chapter examines how these women found ways to radically transform the economic and social conditions of paid domestic labor during the first half of the twentieth century. After the abolition of slavery, African American women who were domestic workers were often sellers of labor power and hence at the mercy of expectations and desires of people they worked for. They were expected to 23 24 — Cecilia Marie Rio perform a variety of chores, with diffuse obligations, frequently under dehumanizing conditions.
And in those increasingly affluent households in the North, the domestic laborers who were employed were Southern migrants who had once been enslaved, or whose family members had been slaves. New meanings and representations of womanhood, racial identity, and domestic work were socially constructed in response to this altered social landscape. Importantly, new models for women and the home were promulgated— all of which had important implications for the construction of racial difference. Prior to the Civil War the ideals of "true (white) womanhood" had emphasized "piety, purity, submissiveness and domesticity" (Welter 1976, 21).