By P H Ogden
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This file offers the monetary point of view, or 'dollar view', of the present nation of play in sustainable power improvement. The research during this document contains genuine information at the varieties of capital flows and their move through the years, mixed with research of neighborhood and sectoral developments.
Governments usually pursue quite a few financial, social and political goals via their allocation guidelines that transcend the maximization of the web current worth of the industrial hire. The optimum allocation coverage is determined by a number nation particular and exogenous components. regardless of the range of things influencing optimum layout, so much international locations use related strategies.
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Additional resources for Chemicals in the oil industry : Developments and applications
The naphtha of that time was obtained from shallow wells or by the destructive distillation of asphalt. Parenthetically, the destructive distillation operation may be likened to modern coking operations (Chapter 17) in which the overall objective is to convert the feedstock into distillates for use as fuels. This particular interest in petroleum and its derivatives continued with an increasing interest in nafta (naphtha), because of its use as an illuminant and as a supplement to asphaltic incendiaries for use in warfare.
The use of bituminous mortar was introduced into the city of Babylon by King Hammurabi, but the use of bituminous mortar was abandoned toward the end of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign in favor of lime mortar to which varying amounts of asphalt were added. The Assyrians recommended the use of asphalt for medicinal purposes, as well as for building purposes, and perhaps there is some merit in the fact that the Assyrian moral code recommended that asphalt, in the molten state, be poured onto the heads of delinquents.
In the Bishop’s Bible of 1568 and in subsequent translations into English, the word is given as slime. In the Douay translation of 1600, it is bitume, whereas in Luther’s German version it appears as thon, the German word for clay. Another example of the use of pitch (and slime) is given in the story of Moses (Exodus 2:3): And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river’s brink.