By Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Committee on the Assessment of Wartime Exposure to Herbicides in Vietnam
From 1962 to 1971, US army forces sprayed greater than 19 million gallons of herbicides over Vietnam to strip the thick jungle cover that helped hide competition forces, to wreck vegetation that enemy forces may perhaps depend upon, and to transparent tall grass and trees from round the perimeters people base camps and outlying fire-support bases. such a lot large-scale spraying operations have been performed from airplanes and helicopters, yet herbicides have been additionally sprayed from boats and flooring cars, and by means of squaddies donning back-mounted gear. After a systematic file concluded contaminant of 1 of the first chemical compounds utilized in the herbicide known as Agent Orange can cause start defects in laboratory animals, US forces suspended use of the herbicide; they to that end halted all herbicide spraying in Vietnam in 1971.
At the request of the Veteran's management, the Institute of drugs tested a committee to supervise the improvement and review of versions of herbicide publicity to be used in reviews of Vietnam veterans. That committee might improve and disseminate a request for proposals (RFP) in step with the concepts; overview the proposals acquired based on the RFP and choose a number of educational or different nongovernmental learn teams to strengthen the publicity reconstruction version; offer clinical and administrative oversight of the paintings of the researchers; and evaluation the versions built by way of the researchers in a report back to VA, which might be released for a broader viewers. Characterizing publicity of Veterans to Agent Orange and different Herbicides utilized in Vietnam is the IOM's record that evaluates versions of herbicide reconstruction to increase and attempt types of herbicide publicity to be used in reviews of Vietnam veterans.
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Extra resources for Characterizing Exposure of Veterans to Agent Orange and Other Herbicides Used in Vietnam: Interim Findings and Recommendations
He is presently directing a study on damp indoor spaces and health—a review of the literature regarding the health consequences of mold and related microbial exposures. Jennifer A. Cohen is a research associate in the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. She received her undergraduate degree in art history from the University of Maryland. She has also been involved with the IOM committees that produced Clearing the Air: Asthma and Indoor Air Exposures; Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Ground Beef; Organ Procurement and Transplantation; Veterans and Agent Orange: Herbicide/Dioxin Exposure and Type 2 Diabetes; Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2000; Veterans and Agent Orange: Herbicide/Dioxin Exposure and Acute Myelogenous Leukemia in the Children of Vietnam Veterans; and Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2002.
Dr. Stratton has worked on projects in environmental risk assessment, neurotoxicology, the organization of research and services in the Public Health Service, vaccine safety, fetal alcohol syndrome, and vaccine development. She has had primary responsibility for the reports Adverse Events Associated with Childhood Vaccines: Evidence Bearing on Causality; DPT Vaccine and Chronic Nervous System Dysfunction; Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment; and Vaccines for the 21st Century: An Analytic Tool for Prioritization.
Martinez received her doctorate from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. Kathleen Stratton, PhD, was Acting Director of the Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) from 1997 to 1999. She received a BA in natural sciences from Johns Hopkins University and a PhD from the University of Maryland at Baltimore. After completing a postdoctoral fellowship in the neuropharmacology of phencyclidine compounds at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and in the neurophysiology of second-messenger systems at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, she joined the staff of IOM in 1990.