Download Challenges to Marine Ecosystems: Proceedings of the 41st by Vidar Wennevik, Knut Eirik Jørstad, Geir Dahle, Svein-Erik PDF

By Vidar Wennevik, Knut Eirik Jørstad, Geir Dahle, Svein-Erik Fevolden (auth.), John Davenport, Gavin M. Burnell, Tom Cross, Mark Emmerson, Rob McAllen, Ruth Ramsay, Emer Rogan (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1402088078

ISBN-13: 9781402088070

This quantity provides a consultant pattern of contributions to the 41st eu Marine Biology Symposium held in September 2005 in Cork, eire. The subject of the symposium used to be ‘Challenges to Marine Ecosystems’ and this used to be divided into 4 sub subject matters; Genetics, Marine secure components, international weather swap and Marine Ecosystems, Sustainable Fisheries and Agriculture.

The world’s marine ecosystems face a number of demanding situations, a few common, yet many caused by humankind’s actions. worldwide weather switch, pushed by means of impacts of strength utilization and commercial practices, is a truth now authorised by way of many of the world’s scientists, media and political institutions. Warming seas and emerging sea degrees are considered as threats, whereas visionaries ponder deep ocean carbon disposal as a technological chance. Exploitation of the seas maintains apace, with repeated issues over the influence of over-fishing, plus reservations concerning the environmental results of marine aquaculture. we have to know how resilient organisms and ecosystems are to those demanding situations, whereas responding by means of preserving biologically-meaningful parts of the oceans. The subthemes of the 41st ecu Marine Biology Symposium deal with all of those matters.

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Extra info for Challenges to Marine Ecosystems: Proceedings of the 41st European Marine Biology Symposium

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Balding, 2004. Identifying adaptive genetic divergence among populations from genome scans. Molecular Ecology 13: 969–980. Beaumont, M. A. & R. A. Nichols, 1996. Evaluating loci for use in the genetic analysis of population structure. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 263: 1619–1626. Bohonak, A. , 1999. Dispersal, gene flow and population structure. Quarterly Review of Biology 74: 21–45. Case, R. A. , W. F. Hutchinson, L. Hauser, C. Van Oosterhout & G. R. Carvalho, 2005. Macro- and micro-geographic variation in pantophysin (PanI) allele frequencies in NE Atlantic cod Gadus morhua.

Hydrobiologia 420: 191–201. Watts, P. C. & J. P. Thorpe, 2006. Influence of contrasting larval developmental types upon the population-genetic structure of cheilostome bryozoans. Marine Biology 149: 1093–1101. Weir, B. S. & C. C. Cockerham, 1984. Estimating F-statistics for the analysis of population structure. Evolution 38: 1358–1370. Whitlock, M. C. & D. E. McCauley, 1999. Indirect measures of gene flow and migration: FST = 1/(4Nm + 1). Heredity 82: 117–125. , 1951. The genetical structure of populations.

In particular, it is not helpful to reduce biodiversity to some simple indices of species or groups. As well as the major phylogenetic groups, their species richness and abundance, biodiversity includes many aspects, for example, • • Size ranges Metabolic diversity (including mutualisms and parasites) Hydrobiologia (2008) 606:35–44 • • • • • • Genetic, physiological and developmental diversity within, as well as between, species Behaviour and movement Life histories Biogeography Ecosystems, habitats and communities Patterns in time, including large-scale biogeochemical cycles, ENSO, etc.

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