By Rosalie Zobel (auth.), Eleonora Di Maria, Stefano Micelli (eds.)
On Line Citizenship discusses the evolutionary tendencies of towns when it comes to e-government within the current and destiny technological state of affairs. the focal point is at the transformation of the relationships among urban administrations and voters because of details and communique know-how. On a extensive point of view, the booklet intends to offer possibilities and threats within the improvement of online citizenship within the framework of the eu Union. On Line Citizenship gathers unique contributions and files awarded on the overseas convention online Citizenship - rising applied sciences for ecu towns promoted by means of Telecities-Eurocities and town of Venice in co-operation with Venice overseas college and subsidized through solar Microsystems, held in Venice, could 30-31 2003.
The publication offers e-government concerns from an institutional in addition to a realistic standpoint during the contributions of exclusive authors consultant of the ecu Union, the ecu community of towns (Telecities) and the Italian executive. On Line Citizenship deals an leading edge method within the research of technology's evolutionary paths in e-government via a comparability with e-business trends.
By Sarah Wolff
EU inner safeguard matters resembling migration, police and judicial cooperation are this day a part of european overseas coverage. This e-book indicates how these matters have taken over the ecu time table in the direction of Mediterranean international locations. Adopting a rational-choice institutionalist technique, it explores ecu coverage within the area because the flip of this century. Findings supply clues on tips to re-design european guidelines in the direction of the area following the 2011 Arab revolts. Investigating the situations of border administration, counter-terrorism and rule of legislation advertising during the lens of a rational-choice-historical institutionalism, the ebook contends that the improvement of a Justice and residential Affairs (JHA) Mediterranean measurement used to be contingent upon self reliant variables: states' personal tastes and ancient legacies. opposite to the predicted final result, which might be that a number of the decision-making ideas restricted the actors, the experience that emerges is that the advance of a JHA exterior measurement is determined by the meant strategic motion of actors and is suffering from time.
By Özge Zihnioğlu (auth.)
Drawing on interviews with Civil Society corporations and along side an exam of european Civil Society coverage and the criminal and institutional atmosphere in Turkey this booklet examines ecu guidelines on Turkish Civil Society corporations and highlights the numerous constraints and constrained affects of those policies.
By M. Corner
The time is ripe for a brand new overseas association, a world Union dependent upon a restricted sharing of sovereignty. This booklet examines the successes and screw ups of the ecu Union as a sovereignty-sharing association, and means that this particular establishment has a serious function to play within the improvement of a more beneficial global order.
By Torsten Hägerstrand, Michel van Hulten (auth.)
Urbanization is a approach occurring in our society, that is altering from a predominantly rural and agrarian society right into a predominantly city and business one. this can be a transformation which isn't simply occurring in sure components, it's not only a focus of homes and of individuals and of actions, yet what's probably even more very important: it's also a transformation within the lifestyle. even supposing there are neighborhood adjustments, which exist inside each country and among the countries of Europe, the method is a common one, it's omnipresent. even if the rustic is wealthy or terrible, it nonetheless spends among 15% and 25% of all invested capital at the formation of actual resources (housing, for example). It makes use of one other 15% to twenty% on numerous city providers (roads, utilities). together with household strength, which means far and wide approximately half the funding assets to be had are spent at the technique of urbanization. even more major than this monetary manner of indicating the im portance of city society and of the urbanization strategy, yet less in actual fact expressed in figures, is the truth that it's within the towns that the nice evolutions are occurring from the society of the current in the direction of the society of the longer term. the massive towns and conurbations are the breeding grounds of technological innovation, of recent different types of association, of the production of recent actions, of latest social family members and of latest kinds of culture.
By Tadeusz Kuczynski, Ulrich Dammgen, Jim Webb, Andrzej Myczko
The time while agricultural construction actions have been thought of impartial to the surroundings has certainly handed. For final 25 years there was becoming medical proof at the in all probability deteriorating influence of ammonia published within the technique of agricultural creation at the atmosphere. within the final 15 years extra concentration has been given to environmental and future health influence of dirt and VOC's generated via farming actions. simply very lately is the contribution of agricultural construction GHG's to worldwide warming acknowledged. within the publication many of the elements of agricultural emissions are mentioned. Its first half refers often to introductory, theoretical, and methodological concerns. the second one half provides the latest information on nationwide emissions, fairly those of Nitrogen species in chosen person eu nations and the projections in their emission for all Europe. The 3rd half which offers completely with ammonia brings finished survey of its emission abatement potentials, the price of applicable activities and the problems of their useful implementation. It additionally considers the aptitude uncomfortable side effects of ammonia emission abatement measures
By Baldur Thorhallsson
Why has Iceland no longer sought club of the ecu Union?This precise quantity makes use of the case learn of Iceland - the single Nordic kingdom to have by no means utilized for ecu club - to discover the complicated attitudes of small states to ecu intergration and supply a brand new theoretical strategy for knowing such relationships.The participants clarify why the Icelandic political elite has been relunctant to take part in eu integration. during this context, they examine the impression that Iceland's detailed dating with the united states and the fisheries zone have had on their dealings with the ecu. additionally thought of are 'new' variables, corresponding to nationwide administrative features and specific positive aspects of the household area of the political elite, in addition to the elite's conception of diplomacy and its political discourse relating independence and sovereignty.Iceland and eu Integration will attract all these drawn to ecu integration and the diplomacy of small states
By Ans De Vos, Jean-Marie Dujardin, Tim Gielens, Caroline Meyers
This booklet deals insights into facilitating sustainable careers throughout the research of a large interdisciplinary variety of coverage investigations and evaluation of ongoing practices within the box. by way of assessing and evaluating the transferability of guidelines and sturdy practices among enterprises in ten nations and areas of the eu Union this publication considers the advance of sustainable careers around the lifespan on the degrees of people, businesses and platforms. This publication is the end result of a learn venture from the foreign eu Social Fund community on ‘Career and Age, iteration, Experience(AGE)’. It discusses and gives observations on key issues on the ecu point: easy methods to make humans paintings longer, stay employable, strengthen sustainable expertise ? how one can adapt the paintings surroundings and human source administration guidelines at employer’s point ? and eventually, how can public specialists take measures and incentives to aid sustainable careers for individuals?
By April G. Shelford
Early smooth Europe's so much broad commonwealth -- the Republic of Letters -- couldn't be discovered on any map. This republic had patriotic electorate, yet no military; it had its personal language, yet no frontiers. From its delivery in the course of the Renaissance, the Republic of Letters lengthy remained a small and close-knit elite group, associated by way of overseas networks of correspondence, sharing an erudite neo-Latin tradition. within the past due 17th century, despite the fact that, it faced basic demanding situations that stimulated its transition to the extra public, inclusive, and vernacular discourse of the Enlightenment. Transforming the Republic of Letters is a cultural and highbrow historical past that chronicles this transition to ''modernity'' from the point of view of the the world over popular pupil Pierre-Daniel Huet (1630-1721). lower than Shelford's path, Huet courses us into the intensely social highbrow global of salons, clinical academies, and literary academies, whereas his articulate opinions illumine a combative international of Cartesians as opposed to anti-Cartesians, ancients as opposed to moderns, Jesuits as opposed to Jansenists, and salonniÃ¨res as opposed to humanist students. Transforming the Republic of Letters increases questions of serious significance in Huet's period, and our personal, approximately defining, sharing, and controlling entry to wisdom.