By R. S. Alexander
Bonapartism and progressive culture in France is a research of the f?d?r?s, the big paramilitary political circulation that supported Napoleon all through France in 1815. the 1st half analyzes the political and social personality of the f?d?r?s, their association, actions, ideology and self-interest. Professor Alexander exhibits how teams divided by means of occasions after 1789 reunited in 1815 in universal competition to Bourbon rule. He explains why Napoleon inspired this striking improvement, although the circulate was once principally led by way of previous Jacobins. half discusses how f?d?r?s went directly to manage competition to the second one recovery and pave the best way for the Revolution of 1830. This research is important to the socio-political background of France from 1789-1830, in that it demonstrates in actual fact continuities in innovative body of workers through the interval, and exhibits how innovative culture and Bonapartism got here to fuse in 1815--a improvement of profound value for the following process French historical past.
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Extra info for Bonapartism and Revolutionary Tradition in France: The Fédérés of 1815
Origins and development of the federative movement 17 stopping aristocratic attempts to pave the way for a return of the Bourbon Monarchy by organising marauding chouan bands. The jeunes gens wanted a government strong enough to secure public order and repress rebellion. Believing that the authorities were either too weak or unwilling to take the necessary measures, they contacted other jeunes gens in order to organise a mutual defence pact by which they might assure the safety of patriots. The federative movement was, then, spontaneous in its origins; it certainly was not the work of an intriguing Fouche.
Gras, Grenoble en 1814 et 1815 (Grenoble, 1854), pp. 47-9; C. Weiss, journal 1815-22 (Paris, 1972), p. 55, and J. P. Thomas, Precis historique des evenements arrives a Montpellier pendant les Cent-Jours de Vlnterregne (Montpellier, 1976), pp. 32-3. BN, Lb 46 ,319, Federation, pp. 22-4. 32 Bonapartism and revolutionary tradition improved: 'Le resultat de tous ces efforts fut la constitution, dans la region lyonnaise, d'une organisation formidable . . '29 After the Dijonnais and Lyonnais had begun the process of making the movement truly national, federations sprang up throughout France.
Without arms, royalists could not be disarmed and troops could not be freed to serve elsewhere. If troops of the line did leave, and federes were not sufficiently armed and organised, open rebellion would result. 47 A much more promising association was formed at Perigueux in the Dordogne on 24 May, on the request of several owners of biens nationaux. Their pact was signed by 773 federes, many of whom hailed from diverse parts of the department, and called on all good citizens to rally round the patrie.