Download Blood Oil: Tyrants, Violence, and the Rules that Run the by Leif Wenar PDF

By Leif Wenar

ISBN-10: 0190262923

ISBN-13: 9780190262921

Average assets like oil and minerals are the most important resource of unaccountable strength on the planet. Petrocrats like Putin and the Saudis spend source funds on guns and oppression; militants in Iraq and within the Congo spend source funds on radicalization and ammunition. Resource-fueled authoritarians and extremists current unending crises to the West-and the resource in their source energy is eventually traditional shoppers, doing their daily buying on the fuel station and the mall.

In this sweeping new publication, certainly one of modern-day best political philosophers, Leif Wenar, is going at the back of the headlines looking for the hidden international rule that thwarts democracy and development-and that places consumers into company with a few of modern day most deadly males. Wenar discovers a rule that after authorized the slave exchange and apartheid and genocide, a rule whose abolition has marked a few of humanity's maximum triumphs-yet a rule that also enflames tyranny and warfare and terrorism via state-of-the-art multi-trillion buck source trade.

Blood Oil shows how the West can now lead a relaxed revolution by way of finishing its dependence on authoritarian oil, and through getting shoppers into bankruptcy with the boys of blood. The e-book describes sensible suggestions for upgrading international alternate: for selecting new principles that might make us safer at domestic, extra relied on in another country, and higher capable of remedy urgent international difficulties like weather swap. Blood Oil indicates electorate, shoppers and leaders how we will be able to act jointly at the present time to create a extra united human destiny.

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Extra resources for Blood Oil: Tyrants, Violence, and the Rules that Run the World

Sample text

We will search for why countries that export natural resources run greater risks of author­ itarianism, civil war, corruption, gender oppression, and other disorders—and why some countries succeed with their resources while others suffer. We will find a chasm between old and new international law, and a cavern where all our charts say that good laws should be. We will detect hidden currents under the daily news flows about hostile petrocrats, bloody revolu­ tions, failed states, terrorists, economic crises, and environmental damage.

Overturning effectiveness for natural resources will be the next stage in the history of the abolition of coercive rights. Musing on these revolutions opens space for philosophical reflections—on how moral progress changes individuals and societies, and on what kind of future we ultimately want our engagement with the world to create. Going deep into one part of to­ day’s global order, we find that it not only divides foreigners against each other but also sets those foreigners against us. Much of the war and oppres­ sion, corruption and extremism, of our times are symptoms of these divi­ sions.

25 Finding metals and gems has of course fired the passion of explorers for ages. Whole countries have been named for metals, like Argentina, which is silver, and Ghana, which was the Gold Coast. 26 Each ton of metal and carat of gemstones extracted from a country subtracts from its natural wealth. So it is not right to think of some country as “a plat­ inum exporter” or “a diamond producer” in the same way as we think of countries in terms of their renewable features (like “industrialized” or “democratic”).

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