By Min-Tze Liong
This booklet makes a speciality of using microorganisms relating to agriculture, aquaculture and similar fields, starting from biofertilizers to chicken construction. the most recent ideas also are incorporated to supply insights into the limitless potentials of microorganisms in those areas.
Individual chapters discover subject matters akin to probiotics in chook, biopurification of wastewater, changing agrowastes into value-added functions and items, rice cultivation, surfactants and bacteriocin as biopreservatives, bioplastics, crop productiveness, biofloc, and the creation of ordinary antibiotics. This quantity may be of specific curiosity to scientists, policymakers and commercial practitioners operating within the fields of agriculture, aquaculture and public health.
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Additional info for Beneficial Microorganisms in Agriculture, Aquaculture and Other Areas
The biotreatment of wastewaters with algae to remove nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus has been previously reported (Shi et al. 2007; Zhu et al. 2008). Utilization of Microorganisms for Biopurification of Wastewaters (Agricultural. . 33 Field experiments reported by Gale (1986) indicated that live photosynthetic microalgae have an effective role in metal detoxification of mine wastewater. By using cyanobacteria in a system of artificial pools and meanders, 99 % of dissolved and particulate metals could be removed.
2012). Different sources of pollutants include discharge of either raw or treated wastewaters from towns and villages; discharge from manufacturing or industrial plants; runoff from agricultural land; and leachates from solid waste disposal sites (Horan 1990; De la Nou¨e and De Pauw 1988). 3 Microbiological Composition of Wastewaters Wastewater environment is an ideal media for a wide range of microorganisms especially bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa. The majority is harmless and can be used in biological wastewater treatment, but some wastewaters also contain pathogenic microorganisms (Abdel-Raouf et al.
2000; Kissi et al. 2001; Ettayebi et al. 2003; Ammar et al. 2005; Dhouib et al. 2006; El-Bestawy et al. 2005). Microorganisms have been used to remove organic matter and toxic chemicals from domestic and industrial wastes discharged for many years (Gupta and Mukerji 2001). The use of microorganisms to destroy, or reduce the concentration of, hazardous waste on a contaminated site is called bioremediation. Such a. biological treatment system has various applications, including cleanup of contaminated sites such as water, soils, ground water, lagoons, sludges, waste streams/wastewaters, and process-waste streams.