Download Barrio Urbanism by David R. Diaz PDF

By David R. Diaz

ISBN-10: 0415945410

ISBN-13: 9780415945417

This, the 1st ebook on Latinos in the USA from an city planning/policy point of view, covers the final century, and contains a immense historic evaluate the topic. The authors hint the circulate of Latinos (primarily Chicanos) into American towns from Mexico after which describe the issues dealing with them in these towns. They then express how the making plans career and builders always did not meet their wishes as a result of either poverty and racism. cognizance can also be paid to the main urgent issues in Latino barrios in the course of fresh occasions, together with environmental degradation and justice, land use coverage, and others. The booklet closes with a attention of the problems that might face Latinos as they turn into the nation's greatest minority within the twenty first century.

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Sample text

During the early twentieth century, the city had the highest percentage of Chicanas/os of any major city in the Southwest, and it maintained its status in the hierarchy of Southwestern cities throughout the century. The barrio’s labor force was a major factor in maintaining the city’s dominance over the regional economy in banking, manufacturing, commerce, and culture. The barrio economy was itself a significant center of commerce, opportunity, and business formation for minority entrepreneurs.

One commonality of this type of locational segregation was that barrios were normally located on the periphery of a city. Barrios often organized along railroad lines, near rivers, adjacent to the intersection of agriculture and urban uses, or along bluffs. This systemic identification of an “allowable residential zone” was controlled by local elites. They had to acknowledge the housing requirements, however minimal, for low-wage labor, while reinforcing racist locational practices designed specifically to maintain strict segregation in Southwestern communities.

Most homes, either rented or owned, were usually designed with two bedrooms, and the existing housing stock did not meet the requirements of larger families. Different internal arrangements arose that provided a limited level of space for the nuclear family. Barrios also often lacked basic The early history of chicana/o urban and locational patterns in the southwest, 1880–1945 31 infrastructure (Ward 1999). Internal residential streets were generally unpaved, and due to flooding, regularly eroded housing foundations.

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