By Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Margaret Hope Bacon
Benjamin Coates was once one of many best-known white supporters of African colonization in nineteenth-century the USA. A Quaker businessman from Philadelphia and a someday officer of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society, he was once dedicated to supporting black american citizens relocate to West Africa. This placed him on the heart of a discourse with abolitionists at domestic and overseas, together with such best thinkers as Joseph Jenkins Roberts, Mary Ann Shadd Cary, Henry Highland Garnet, Frederick Douglass, Alexander Crummell, George L. Stearns, and William Coppinger. artistic and stressed, cantankerous and charismatic, those women and men ruled the fight to finish slavery and to accomplish appreciate for African american citizens. again to Africa sheds new mild on those amazing personalities and their tireless efforts at reform.
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Additional info for Back To Africa: Benjamin Coates And The Colonization Movement In America, 1848-1880
Buxton, a supporter of Free Produce, was opposed to the , because he felt that it soothed slave owners into believing that slavery was a necessary evil and that it used coercive measures in forcing migration of black people to Africa. 87 Coates hoped the new organization would appeal to many Friends who longed to do something to end slavery, but were put oﬀ by the political nature of both the anti-slavery movement and the colonization movement: There are in the Religious Society of Friends, many who deeply feel the wrongs of slavery, and who would gladly avail themselves of an opportunity for more extended usefulness, but who have not deemed it their duty to take an active part in the political conﬂict that the slavery question has engendered.
H. Everts and Company, ), . 65. Apprentices’ Library Company of Philadelphia, Annual Reports, – (Philadelphia: Author); Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography , list of life members; Board of Managers of Haverford College, May –, . ” While members of the other city Orthodox Meetings, especially Twelfth Street, were much inﬂuenced by Joseph John Gurney, an evangelical Quaker from England who visited this country in the s, and urged Friends to improve their schools, to initiate First Day Schools (Sunday schools), and to be more active in philanthropic enterprises, Arch Street was closer to the position of John Wilbur, a Rhode Island Friend who distrusted Gurney’s worldly views.
95 Always his largest and most frequent donations were to key ﬁgures and programs in the grand scheme of African colonization. For a businessman, Coates was remarkably cavalier about the costs and ﬁnancing of his plans. It is hard to believe that he was unaware of the rapid increase in the slave population, which tripled between and . Yet his correspondence does not include any estimate of how much time, money, and organization it would require if any signiﬁcant number of black Americans were to request assistance to relocate.