Download An Attributional Theory of Motivation and Emotion by Bernard Weiner PDF

By Bernard Weiner

For decades i've got had the gnawing wish to show the vast motivational sig­ nificance of the attributional notion that i've got espoused and to provide totally the argument that this framework has earned a rightful position along different best theories of motivation. moreover, fresh investigations have yielded insights into the attributional determinants of impact, hence supplying the impetus to embark upon a close dialogue of emotion and to explain the relation among emotion and motivation from an attributional point of view. The presentation of a unified concept of motivation and emotion is the target of this e-book. My extra particular goals within the chapters to keep on with are to: 1) define the elemental princi­ ples that i feel symbolize an enough conception of motivation; 2) express what I understand to be the conceptual contributions of the viewpoint encouraged via my col­ leagues and me; three) Summarize the empirical relatives, succeed in a few definitive con­ clusions, and indicate the extra equivocal empirical institutions in line with hypotheses derived from our specific attribution concept; and four) make clear questions which have been raised approximately this belief and supply new fabric for nonetheless additional scrutiny. In so doing, the construction blocks (if any) laid down via the attributional con­ ception might be simply pointed out and unknown juries of current and destiny friends can then greater be certain the price of this medical product.

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Additional resources for An Attributional Theory of Motivation and Emotion

Example text

The Content of Causal Thinking The evident fact that humans ask causal attribution questions has been documented with acceptable scientific procedures. But what are the answers to these questions? What are the perceived causes of success and failure at school, in sports, for winning or losing an election, or for being accepted or rejected for a social engagement? Of course, the answers will depend on many factors, such as the particular event under consideration; the outcome; the information known by the attributor, such as past success history and social nonns; who is responding; and on and on (see the first box in Figure 1-4).

That is, it was contended that causal thoughts were elicited by the procedure rather than emitted by the subjects. The investigators were accused of not addressing the issue of whether individuals engage in spontaneous attributional activities. As Smith and Miller (1983) clarified: "The skeptic will agree that perceivers produce attributional inferences on request ... and yet deny that this ability is of much importance or is used frequently in the ordinary course of things" (p. 492). Documentation of spontaneous attributional activity is a very difficult task.

The remaining antecedents of attributional activity identified in this review do not clearly fall within the functional or mastery principles. It appears in service neither of adaptation nor of knowledge gain for some individuals to focus on low-ability causal attributions during failure. Inasmuch as attributional thinking is considered part of cognitive functionalism (Weiner, 1980c), such dysfunctional actions are difficult to explain. However, it also is evident that much further documentation is needed before individual differences in helplessness or Type A behavior can be accepted as antecedents of attributional search (as opposed to influencing what cause is selected, once a search has been initiated).

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