By Benjamin Nicholas Lawrance
The lives of six African young children, a while 9 to 16, have been eternally altered through the rebellion aboard the Cuban schooner l. a. Amistad in 1839. Like their grownup partners, all have been captured in Africa and illegally offered as slaves. during this attention-grabbing revisionist heritage, Benjamin N. Lawrance reconstructs six entwined tales and brings them to the leading edge of the Amistad clash. via eyewitness stories, courtroom files, and the children's personal letters, Lawrance recounts how their lives have been inextricably interwoven by means of the old drama, and casts new gentle on unlawful nineteenth-century transatlantic slave smuggling.
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Extra info for Amistad's Orphans: An Atlantic Story of Children, Slavery, and Smuggling
The historical reality and cultural variety looks quite different. Nevertheless, what I am proposing is that the schematically formulated duality delineates a structural characteristic in the genealogy of the modern individual self further specified as a 'consuming body' as it is manifested in Western culture (the theme which will be substantiated further below). However, in the present context the scheme serves as a demonstration of the historicity of sensory organization. html[28/05/10 17:49:56] 3 Page 13 the eye into an organ which both keeps the objects at a distance (outside) and 'eats' them inside, or, defines the mouth as the sensory site for individual 'judgement of taste'.
Pre-Modern Orality How does the mouth figure in a primitive society? What is the position of orality in it when regarded from the vantage point of the body, the self and the culture? Undoubtedly, orality figures in the primitive society not only as eating (the oral-ingestive dimension) but also as speech (the oral-aural dimension). Nevertheless, my argument is as already noted above that the interactive link which relates the subject to its environment, binding subjects to each other as a community, is primarily structured on the oral-ingestive dimension.
The oral phase, depicted schematically above, will be sufficient for the development of my argument concerning the basic oral mode of self-formation, which already links the mouth and eye together. The Freudian concept of 'primary identification' refers to two parallel modes of incorporation, that of introjection (first introduced by Ferenczi) and that of imitation, which are actually structured according to the mouth/eye distinction (cf. Fenichel, 1982: 369 ). html[28/05/10 17:49:58] 8 Page 18 objects.