Download America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation: by National Research Council, National Academy of Engineering, PDF

By National Research Council, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on America's Energy Future

Energy creation and use contact our lives in numerous methods. we're reminded of the price of power at any time when we replenish on the fuel pump, pay an electrical energy invoice, or buy an airline price ticket. strength use additionally has vital oblique affects, now not all of that are mirrored in present strength costs: depletion of usual assets, degradation of our environment, and threats to nationwide defense coming up from a growing to be dependence on geopolitically risky areas for a few of our power offers. those oblique affects may possibly elevate sooner or later if the call for for power rises speedier than on hand strength provides. Our nation's problem is to advance an power portfolio that reduces those affects whereas supplying adequate and cheap strength provides to maintain our destiny fiscal prosperity.

the USA has huge, immense financial and highbrow assets that may be dropped at undergo on those demanding situations via a sustained nationwide attempt within the many years forward. America's power Future is meant to notify the advance of clever strength regulations via fostering a greater figuring out of technological ideas for expanding strength provides and enhancing the potency of strength use. This precis version of the publication may also be an invaluable source for execs operating within the power or considering advocacy and researchers and lecturers in energy-related fields of study.

America's strength Future examines the deployment power, expenses, limitations, and affects of power offer and end-use applied sciences throughout the subsequent to 3 many years, together with power potency, replacement transportation fuels, renewable power, fossil gasoline power, and nuclear strength, in addition to applied sciences for bettering the nation's electric transmission and distribution systems.

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Mounting volatility in market prices for fossil fuels. For example, petroleum prices have ranged from about $32 to $147 per barrel over the past 2 years, which has helped to promote volatility in prices for coal and natural gas. S. energy system in a manner that increases its sustainability, supports long-term economic prosperity, promotes 12The committee refers in particular to uncertainties in the time-dependent relationships associated with anthropogenic CO2 emissions and the resulting changes in atmospheric temperatures and sea levels.

Nevertheless, particular technological elements—such as CCS, advanced batteries for transportation, advanced geothermal energy for electricity production, and low-cost efficient lighting and solar panels—might very well benefit from focused development and demonstration programs even as the many nontechnological challenges are being addressed. 1), is on energy-supply and end-use technologies—in particular their deployment-readiness, performance, costs, barriers, and impacts. The AEF Committee also assessed the prospects of some other technologies that will be critical both in meeting the anticipated growth of energy demand and in enabling the deeper market penetration of the new energy-supply and end-use technologies themselves.

Selected members of these panels, including their chairs and vice chairs, also served on the authoring committee for the present report. S. energy system is so large and complex that the committee was unable, in the time available, to assess the potential for transformation of its every relevant aspect. S. energy system during the three time periods considered in this study (encompassing the next 40 years or so). , fossil fuels), nor did it assess the role of some critial components of a modernized infrastructure—including tankers, roads, pipelines, and associated storage facilities—in delivering these resources from suppliers to consumers.

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