By Francois Houtart
Since they have been heralded as a key weapon within the struggle opposed to weather switch, agrofuels were criticised seriously for doing extra damage than sturdy as a result of deforestation and stealing agricultural land necessary to farmers within the constructing international. This booklet asks even if there's anyplace for agrofuels in a low-carbon future.
François Houtart argues that the golf green power of agrofuels has been wasted by way of companies that positioned earnings above environmental security. This has resulted in the absurd scenario the place an power resource that are meant to be sustainable really raises human and ecological harm, easily as a result of the profit-maximising judgements of capitalists instead of a flaw within the proposal of agrofuels.
Students of improvement experiences and environmental economics will locate that this booklet deals an engaging new point of view at the way forward for power.
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Additional info for Agrofuels: Big Profits, Ruined Lives and Ecological Destruction
The environmental and social consequences are not taken into account in the financial calculations that prompt these shifts. e. e. ). Following such logic the external costs end up affecting business profit margins and hence the process of capital accumulation. Another factor is therefore the explosion of transport in the neoliberal globalization of the economy. Between 1990 and 2003, world transport increased by 20 per cent. 6 per cent). 1 billion. The fleet of containers, which numbered 2,600 in 2000, grew to 3,500 in 2005 and 4,000 in 2008.
The phenomenon of the ‘dead seas’ has also increased because of the nitrogenous fertilizers used by monocultures which are carried down by the rivers to the sea. According to the conclusions of the Third Debate on the Biology of Conservation, held in Majorca in 2007 under the auspices of the University of the Balearics, marine ecosystems deteriorate ten times quicker than tropical forests. The causes are the excess of toxic products and the contribution of nitrogen, which is responsible for hypoxia (lack of oxygen) that kills marine flora and fauna.
The answer is clear enough, as will be illustrated later on. It is a question of preserving the sources of profit and not embarking on adventures that could prove expensive – which means that private interests must come before the collective good. All that enables, as we shall see, private capital to maintain its role as the engine of the economy. Â€2, would be very opportune. There is no doubt that the simple nationalization of energy resources is not enough to solve the problem. This has well been illustrated by the socialist countries and now by contemporary China.