By Gerald D. Young
This quantity proposes a theoretical integration of numerous significant streams in modern mental thought approximately grownup improvement and remedy. It adopts the viewpoint that there are steps in improvement in the course of the grownup interval, and they are characterised via a union of the cognitive and affective, the self and the opposite, and inspiration with proposal (in second-order collective abstractions). that's, they're right away postformal by way of Piaget's conception, sociocultural in phrases ofVygotsky's concept, and postmodern with the latter point of view delivering an integrating subject. The affirmative, multivoiced, contextual, relational, other-sensitive aspect ofpostmodernism is emphasised. Levinas's philosophy of accountability for the opposite is obvious as congruent with this ethos. The neopiagetian version of improvement on which the present ap proach relies proposes that the final level in improvement matters collective intelligence, or postmodern, postformal concept. Kegan (1994) has tried independently to explain grownup improvement from an identical viewpoint. His paintings at the improvement of the postmodern brain of the grownup is groundbreaking and bold in its intensity. even though, I ana lyze the constraints in addition to the contributions of his technique, below scoring the benefits of my specific model.
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Extra info for Adult Development, Therapy, and Culture: A Postmodern Synthesis
Modernism prescribed unified, monological, specifying, "ultimate" truths through religions, political belief systems, and other hegemonies or colonizing instruments, and through the sociocultural and artistic institutions that mirrored and served them. , the freudian ego) became the pantheon of cultural concerns; it could be known because the world was considered inevitably knowable and it became the locus of will, choice, gratification, and so on. Ultimately, this led to an exclusion of the self from others, in the sense of not acknowledging them and not joining with them for mutual growth, but rather recognizing their overwhelming collective power in controlling the self (via powerful others and their ideologies).
This leads to a discussion ofLevinas's profound philosophy of responsibility for the other. The current theory is considered complementary to Levinas's, for it is seen to provide a description of the developmental pathway that unfolds into the dwelling in alterity that characterizes the mature, moral adult of Levinas. In the second part of the chapter, Kegan's (1994) postmodern model of adult development is described in detail. It is neopiagetian like the current Overview 21 one. Six stages in development across the lifespan are described, with the last three called the traditional, modern, and postmodern stages.
The second part of the chapter offers a summary of and conclusions about postrnodernisrn. The nature of adult thought from the postrnodern perspective is described. Also, postrnodern therapy is examined in terms of multiplicity man, a client for whom I was consulted. In Chapter 13, a scale on the cognitive complexity of narratives that was derived from the current 25-step developmental theory is used to analyze the quality of thought of a sample of adolescents who were asked to reason about political topics with their mothers.