By Gaëlle Krikorian, Amy Kapczynski
On the finish of the 20th century, highbrow estate rights collided with daily life. Expansive copyright legislation and electronic rights administration applied sciences sought to close down new kinds of copying and remixing made attainable by means of the net. foreign legislation increasing patent rights threatened the lives of thousands of individuals worldwide dwelling with HIV/AIDS by way of restricting their entry to affordable common drugs. for many years, governments have tightened the grip of highbrow estate legislations on the bidding of data industries; yet lately, teams have emerged worldwide to problem this wave of enclosure with a brand new counter-politics of "access to knowledge" or "A2K." They contain software program programmers who took to the streets to defeat software program patents in Europe, AIDS activists who pressured multinational pharmaceutical businesses to allow copies in their drugs to be offered in terrible international locations, subsistence farmers protecting their rights to foodstuff safeguard or entry to agricultural biotechnology, and school scholars who created a brand new "free culture" move to shield the electronic commons. Access to wisdom within the Age of highbrow Property maps this rising box of activism as a chain of historic moments, suggestions, and ideas. It gathers essentially the most very important thinkers and advocates within the box to make the stakes and methods at play during this new area noticeable and the phrases of highbrow estate legislations intelligible of their political implications world wide. an artistic Commons version of this paintings can be freely to be had online.
Contributors: Ahmed Abdel Latif, Philippe Aigrain, Jeffrey Atteberry, Yochai Benkler, Yann Moulier Boutaing, Carlos Correa, Laura DeNardis, Sarah Deutsch, Peter Drahos, Hala Essalmawi, Rick Falkvinge, Sean Flynn, Vera Franz, Spring Gombe, Anil Gupta, Ellen 't Hoen, Charles Igwe, Eddan Katz, Kannikar Kijtiwatchakul, Gaëlle Krikorian, Lawrence Liang, Jiraporn Limpananont, James Love, Leena Menghaney, Viviana Munoz, Sisule F. Musungu, HeeSeob Nam, Chan Park, Eloan Pinheiro dos Santos, Achal Prabhala, Onno Purbo, Manon Ress, Caroline Rossini, Susan promote, Sangeeta Shashikant, Roberto Verzola, Jo Walsh
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Extra resources for Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property
If the A2K movement is to embrace its initial identifi cation with the concept of access to knowledge, it must recognize that while access to some information is clearly a prerequisite of building knowledge in Benkler’s 46 kapczynski sense, more ubiquitous access to information is not the same thing as more ubiquitous access to knowledge. Can the A2K movement—as invested as its logic has become in the model of information technologies and the economics of the copy—build a politics of knowledge as a competence?
Pdf (last accessed February 1, 2010). This is not to say that all regions have been equally affected by the crisis or that all economies are equally dependent upon informationalism—they demonstrably are not. It is to say, rather, that distance from the centers of world finance did not insulate even the poorest from the effects of the recent crisis. Its effects, mediated by communication technologies and techniques such as just-in-time production, are felt through channels such as decreased remittances and increased volatility in commodity markets.
They argue that drug company donation programs are unacceptable because they leave power over life in the hands of private actors, who retain the privilege of charity, the privilege to make good on their promises or not. Overriding patents is cast as a way to insist instead on values of participation and accountability. The demand for access to medicines, like the call for free software, thus places the concept of democracy at the center of the A2K movement and opposes it to the despotic dominion conception of intellectual property.