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By Frank Dumont

Frank Dumont offers present character psychology with a clean description of its present prestige in addition to its clients. Play, intercourse, food, creativity, altruism, pets, grieving rituals, and different oft-neglected subject matters increase the scope of this interesting research. This tract is imbued with old views that show the continuity within the evolving technological know-how and study of this self-discipline during the last century. the writer locations vintage schemas and constructs, in addition to present ideas, within the context in their socio-political catalysts. He extra relates this examine of the individual to life-span developmental concerns and to cultural, gender-specific, trait-based, genetic/epigenetic, and evolutionary study findings. character psychology has lately reconciled itself to extra modest paradigms for describing, explaining, and predicting human behaviour than it generated within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This booklet records that transformation, supplying priceless details for health-service execs in addition to to academics, researchers, and scientists.

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Additional resources for A History of Personality Psychology: Theory, Science, and Research from Hellenism to the Twenty-First Century

Sample text

However, the history of ideas suggests that the science that conforms to social expectations and economic needs is believed and fostered, while the science that is inconsistent with such needs and expectations is neglected and withers. Successful scientists in particular are prone to reject this position. However, John Dupré (2000) reminds us that “Imre Lakatos once remarked that scientists typically understand science about as well as fish understand hydrodynamics” (p. 41). 30 A history of personality psychology destructive, socially embarrassing, and clearly deranged individuals.

This endeavor gave birth to dual visions of human personality, which like two molten streams have never fused and which to this day cause tension in all the human sciences. The organicists stressed the neurological and other physiological causes of human behavior. In the German tradition these scientists were called Somatiker, and they exercised considerable influence. Those who stressed the psychosocial factors that shaped human personality were called the Psychiker, or, alternatively, the dynamicists.

Although he was not the intellectual equal of Leibniz or Locke (Wolman, 1968, p. 29), Herbart gave an impetus to ideas that were to percolate through psychology for the next two centuries. Most relevant to personality theory are Herbart’s notions of the unconscious and his efforts to develop exact mathematical formulae to account for the processes by which conscious thoughts could be displaced into the unconscious, and conversely emerge into consciousness (Boring, 1950, pp. 254–61). It is selfevident that the psychic domain of the unconscious would play a major role in the theories of personality that were to evolve in the following centuries.

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