Download A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old by University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin PDF

By University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin

Including half 1 of an analogous grammar (Sources, Script and Phonology, Lexicon and Nominals), this two-volume set represents the main unique and exhaustive description ever performed of any language, together with eastern of the previous jap language of the Yamato area through the Asuka Nara interval. It offers hundreds of thousands of examples drawn not just from the main previous jap texts resembling the Man'yoshu, the Senmyo, the Kojiki kayo and the Nihonshoki kayo but additionally from all minor extant texts resembling the Fudoky kayo, the Bussoku seki ka, and others. additionally it is comparative fabric from japanese outdated jap as soon as spoken within the region approximately comparable to present-day southern Chubu and Kanto areas, in addition to from Ryukyuan and sometimes from different surrounding languages. half 2 is observed by means of exhaustive and cumulative indexes to either volumes, together with separate indexes on all grammatical kinds defined, linguistic types, own names, in addition to an index of all outdated eastern texts which are used as examples within the description.

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Additional info for A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions

Sample text

The master of the great land) (KJK I: 30a) Susanowo speaking to Gpo kuni nusi who eloped with the daughter of the fonner. m~fr*~*~N~~ifit~=*~w~A OPO TONO-NO UTI-NI PA TUKUR-I-TUKAPEY-MATUR-U PA ore [ni Nsi ion] MANTU IR-I great palace-GEN inside-LOC TOP make-INF-serve(INF)-HUMATTR TOP you [these two characters by sound] first enter-INF you will enter first into the great palace that [you] have built (KJK II: 5b) Retainers of the emperor Jinmu speaking to the person who plotted to kill the emperor.

The second person pronoun ore clearly functions as a pejorative pronoun. This is probably the reason why it is not attested in poetic texts. Q;'o*8H±-7$ ,,@,II'R-T0. : the master of the great land) (KJK I: 30a) Susanowo speaking to Gpo kuni nusi who eloped with the daughter of the fonner. m~fr*~*~N~~ifit~=*~w~A OPO TONO-NO UTI-NI PA TUKUR-I-TUKAPEY-MATUR-U PA ore [ni Nsi ion] MANTU IR-I great palace-GEN inside-LOC TOP make-INF-serve(INF)-HUMATTR TOP you [these two characters by sound] first enter-INF you will enter first into the great palace that [you] have built (KJK II: 5b) Retainers of the emperor Jinmu speaking to the person who plotted to kill the emperor.

Nani to kamo utukusi imo-Nka mata sak-yi-[i]Nde-ko-n-u what DV PT beautiful beloved-POSS again bloom-INF-exit(INF)come-NEG-ATTR 1 wonder why [my] beautiful beloved does not bloom again. £3: tok[o]-yipa-nasu ka-ku si moNkamo to omop-ey-NtOmo eternal-rock-COMP thus-INF PT PT DV think-EV-CONC Although [I] think that [I] would like to be (thus) like an eternal rock. : how much long, how much long) (NK 15) SPECIAL DERIVED FORM IN -RA There is a special derived adjectival form in -ra with an unclear meaning 3 that occurs only after four adjectival stems: aka 'red, The word muna 'empty' in this example is interesting, because it involves a usage of the root muna, rather than the stem muna-si-.

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