Download A Bitter Peace: Washington, Hanoi, and the Making of the by Pierre Asselin PDF

By Pierre Asselin

ISBN-10: 0807827517

ISBN-13: 9780807827512

Demonstrating the centrality of international relations within the Vietnam struggle, Pierre Asselin lines the key negotiations that led as much as the Paris contract of 1973, which ended America's involvement yet did not convey peace in Vietnam. as the facets signed the contract less than duress, he argues, the peace it promised was once doomed to resolve.

By January of 1973, the continued army stalemate and mounting problems at the family entrance compelled either Washington and Hanoi to finish that signing a obscure and principally unworkable peace contract was once the main expedient approach to in attaining their so much urgent goals. For Washington, these ambitions incorporated the discharge of yank prisoners, army withdrawal with no formal capitulation, and upkeep of yank credibility within the chilly battle. Hanoi, nonetheless, sought to safe the removing of yank forces, safeguard the socialist revolution within the North, and increase the customers for reunification with the South. utilizing newly on hand archival resources from Vietnam, the U.S., and Canada, Asselin reconstructs the key negotiations, highlighting the artistic roles of Hanoi, the nationwide Liberation entrance, and Saigon in developing the ultimate cost.

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Sample text

The politburo decided that the diplomatic effort could best serve the Resistance and the Revolution by compromising American activities in Indochina. 82 Henry Cabot Lodge and Xuan Thuy met privately on 8 and 22 March, and again on 7 May. In these meetings, each man candidly stated the position of his government on the preconditions necessary for a ceasefire. The two sides differed on a number of issues, the most important of which were the presence of North Vietnamese troops in the South and their status following a cease-fire and the political future of the Republic of (South) Vietnam (RVN).

130 Though Kissinger insisted that Hanoi not regard the prisoners as ‘‘hostages’’ to American assent to a comprehensive settlement, Tho’s proposal on 7 September reflected the fact that Hanoi viewed the POWs as America’s Achilles’ heel and wanted to exploit the issue. 131 In February 1971, less than a year after the incursion into Cambodia, South Vietnamese forces with American air support carried out another incursion, this one into Laos. This test of Vietnamization, code-named Lam Son 719, had mixed results.

After an era of confrontation, the time has come for an era of negotiations. ’’74 Nixon’s intention was to emulate French president Charles de Gaulle, who had extricated France from Algeria ‘‘carefully’’ over a fouryear period. 75 From the outset, Nixon busied himself and his aides plotting negotiating strategies and substantive positions. In early spring, he ordered the Vietnam Ad Hoc Group of the NSC to devise strategies for dealing with 13 14 The First Round such key issues as the DMZ, troop withdrawal, and prisoners of war (POWs).

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